Cars with the lowest emissions typically fall into the categories of electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and highly efficient gasoline-electric hybrids. These vehicles produce fewer or zero tailpipe emissions compared to traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) cars, contributing to lower overall greenhouse gas emissions.
Some examples of vehicles known for their low emissions include:
- Electric Vehicles (EVs): Models like the Tesla, Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Bolt EV, and Hyundai Kona Electric produce zero tailpipe emissions as they run solely on electric power.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Cars such as the Toyota Prius Prime, Chevrolet Volt (discontinued), BMW i3 REx, and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV have both an electric motor and a gasoline engine, offering some all-electric range before relying on the gasoline engine.
- Highly Efficient Hybrids: Vehicles like the Toyota Prius, Honda Insight, Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid, and Ford Fusion Hybrid are known for their exceptional fuel efficiency, resulting in lower emissions compared to many traditional gasoline-powered cars.
Remember, while electric vehicles produce no tailpipe emissions, the overall environmental impact also considers how the electricity used to charge them is generated. In regions with a high percentage of renewable energy sources, EVs have an even lower overall carbon footprint.